Yucatán - Datos Generales
   

  Datos de Población


Cantidad, proporción y tendencias de la población urbana y rural.

La población total del Estado de Yucatán, asciende según el Conteo de Población y Vivienda realizado por el INEGI en 2000, a 1,658,210 habitantes, de los cuales 817,497 fueron hombres y 840,713 mujeres. La distribución de la población a nivel municipal muestra una mayor concentración poblacional en el municipio de Mérida con el 41.7% de la población del Estado. Siguen en importancia Tizimín (3.9%) , Valladolid (3.3%), Umán (2.9%) y Progreso (2.8%). Estimándose la población rural, en un 32.6% (540,576 habitantes) del total de la población, distribuida en 3,040 comunidades consideradas como rurales de las 3,150 localidades registradas en el estado.

Ocupación principal.
La Población Económica Activa en el 2002, ascendió a 766,232 habitantes que representó el 47% de la población total en el estado. Las principales ocupaciones corresponden a la rama de servicios con un 29.4% del PEA. En la rama agropecuaria y pesquera la población ocupada es de 145,507 personas un 19.2% del PEA.

Los procesos migratorios en el Estado.
El desfavorable intercambio entre las ciudades y el campo incrementa la pobreza en éste, socavando la economía familiar y permitiendo la existencia de un marcado subsidio en beneficio del proceso de urbanización por lo que los habitantes del medio rural se ven forzados a emigrar en búsqueda de compensaciones al deterioro de sus niveles de vida. La falta de fuentes de empleo, acentúa la expulsión de fuerza de trabajo. La ciudad de Mérida, capital del estado, es la que absorbe esta fuerza de trabajo, existiendo una baja tasa de nivel de desempleo abierto de 2.0% basados en cifras según INEGI.

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Los emigrantes encuentran ocupación generalmente en la industria de la construcción, recibiendo ingresos menores al salario mínimo, dada la escasa preparación que tienen para realizar tareas distintas a sus actividades tradicionales. Fenómeno que ha sido significativamente atenuado por la incorporación y operación de maquiladoras ubicadas en los municipios separados uno de otras, con el objeto de que cubran toda la entidad, que propicien un mayor acceso a el empleo de los trabajadores rurales; cabe señalar que los inversionistas han obtenido de la fuerza laboral tal disposición para asimilar la capacitación a nuevos puestos de trabajo, a la fecha se encuentran en proceso de instalación.


CONSULTE: XII Censo General de Población y Vivienda 2000 INEGI

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